ساختارهای موازی در رایتینگ آیلتس

Parallel Structures in IELTS Writing

 

ساختارهای گرامری استفاده شده می بایست موازی باشد؛ این یعنی در مثلا در جمله ای که فعل مرکب دارد، هر دو فعل می بایست در یک ساختار باشند:

Correct: Luke was going out and holding his gun downward.

Incorrect: Luke was going out and have drunk his coffee.

 

اشتباهاتی که در موازی نبودن ساختارها اتفاق می افتد، در سه دسته ی زیر قرار می گیرد:

1) دسته ی کلمات و عبارات

Example 1

×   Not Parallel: 
Kevin likes jogging, swimming, and 
to ride a bike.

üParallel: 
Kevin likes jogging, swimming, and
riding a bike.

Example 2

×   Not Parallel: 
The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and in a detailed manner.

üParallel:
The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and
thoroughly.

 

2) دسته ی clause ها

Example 1

×   Not Parallel: 
The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that questions would be asked by prospective buyers. (passive)

×   Parallel: 
The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that prospective buyers would ask him questions.

Example 2

×   Not Parallel: 
The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game.

×   Parallel: 
The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, not eat too much, and do some warm-up exercises before the game.

 

3) دسته ی لیست ها بعد از دونقطه (colon = :)

Example 1

×   Not Parallel: 
This dictionary can be used to find the following: word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and
looking up irregular verbs.

×   Parallel: 
This dictionary can be used to find the following: word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and
irregular verbs.

 

 

توضیحات فارسی این درس را در این ویدیو ببینید.

 

 

Share this post

Submit to DeliciousSubmit to DiggSubmit to FacebookSubmit to Google PlusSubmit to StumbleuponSubmit to TechnoratiSubmit to TwitterSubmit to LinkedIn

مجموع رتبه (0)

0 از 5 ستاره

نظر خود را اضافه کنید.

ارسال نظر به عنوان مهمان

0
نظر شما به دست مدیر خواهد رسید
  • هیچ نظری یافت نشد

 

این مرکز هیچ گونه فعالیتی در زمینه مهاجرت و اعزام دانشجو به کشورهای دیگر نداشته و ندارد و تنها در زمینه ی خدمات آموزشی آزمون آیلتس فعال است.

تمامي خدمات اين سايت، حسب مورد، داراي مجوزهاي لازم از مراجع مربوطه مي‌باشند و تابع قوانين و مقررات جمهوري اسلامي ايران است.

استفاده از مطالب با ذكر منبع بلامانع است. | www.IELTS-Elixir.com | All rights reserved